What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are immature and unspecific cells that are important for life. In fact, they have unique properties that can be used in cellular therapy. Stem cells are identified by 2 specific characteristics:
- Self renewal: they can produce countless cells like itself with exactly the same feature.
- Differentiation ability: the capacity to differentiate into specialized cell type.
In addition, stem cells obtain easily and they are abundant, safe and effective.
These cells are found in different tissue such as: bone marrow, adipose tissue, lung, liver, dental pulp, peripheral blood and umbolical cord.
Stem cells are 3 types based on their source: embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells.
These cells are used to repair various tissues of the body following injury. They can replace damaged cells and repair tissues by transplanting to damaged tissues.